agape love in aramaic . It describes in fact love of a higher degree of intensity. ” (1 John 4:16b) From a “Son of Thunder” to an “Apostle of Love” John didn’t start out as the apostle of love. King James Version. Words for "love" in original Biblical languages A. It might be unwise for us to press the Greek too far in this case. Agape' Baptist Church, Jacksonville. LOVE I. All sin is reckoned as a debt in the law. In a very close family, agape is felt as well. In the Hebrew, love is connected directly with action and obedience. Some Bible expositors teach that agape-love is “God’s Love” and philia-love is “Man’s Love”. We know that one of the apostles was named Kefa. It is the language through which God spoke in creating the world. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Aramaic Sources of Mark's Gospel. An Aramaic Approach to Q: Sources for the Gospels of Matthew and Luke - Ebook written by Maurice Casey. cousin-language of Hebrew, that is, Aramaic, in which the word for love is rakhmah. It is the highest of the four types of love in the Bible . The Hebrew word Jesus could have used was "ahebh. However, in John 21:20 where we read about the disciple that Jesus loved the Greek uses the word Agape, but the Peshitta uses the Aramaic word Racham which is identical to the Hebrew word Racham. com, all rights reserved. This likely explains the variant spellings in the Greek New Testament for words such as Jerusalem (Ἰερουσαλήμ, Ἱεροσόλυμα), Nazareth (Ναζαρὰ, Ναζαρέτ, Ναζαρὲθ), and Nazarene (Ναζαρηνέ This Greek word represents the highest type of “Agape” divine love. Aramaic w This is a translation (8th edition-2015) of The Aramaic New Testament (Aramaic was the language of Jesus and his countrymen of 1st century Israel) in an English prose translation of The Peshitta New Testament with God's love motivates everything he does. And a second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself. 245 likes · 2 talking about this · 308 were here. What does it mean to " hope all? Agape’ – The Greek word used in Christian scripture to describe the unconditional, unmerited, infinite, abundantly flowing Love of God. It would appear that the regular meal was taken at the end of Didache 9:4, and in 9:5, at the Perseus Dictionary Entry (Liddell and Scott [and Jones]'s Greek-English Lexicon, 9th ed. " For this reason, the true form of understanding and interpreting this concept is returning to the roots, which lie along the Word of God. The greek " πάντα/panta " means all/every. It is love in action. It is derived literally from the word agape which is of the meaning 'love'. Agape love, in the Bible, is love that comes from God. If any man love (= agapa, verb subjunctive present active 3rd person singular of agapao/agape) the world, the love [= agape(i), noun nominative feminine singular] of the Father is not in him. This is the love that springs from natural affection and from the emotions. All are freely offered for others to listen to and enjoy. Deuteronomy 10:12-13, Matthew 22:37-39 John wants us to understand with our heart that “God is love, and the one who abides in love abides in God, and God abides in Him. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. It is an overflowing love that seeks nothing in return. But perfect love drives out fear, because fear has to do with punishment. Also gives a brief explanation of the other three types of love. However, they are used interchangeably in the Koine Greek of the New Testament and no theological distinction should be placed upon them, especially in light of John 21. Even more than that, Agape’ reminds us that God is LOVE and that we too are that Love in our connection with God, with one another and with all of Creation. Discussion Questions. Agapao:God’s love is described as the Greek word agapao, which means unconditional love, preferential love that is chosen and acted out by the will. Hebrew words 1. The second planet from the sun is named after her. Certainly God’s love for Jesus Christ is coupled with much affection. Other, extra-biblical documents contemporary to the NT use the words similarly. ‭”. Text Focus Point: Pages 244-248. This is why God can command us to love our enemies (Matt. "Love" may have always been the most excellent way, but- it had not yet been stated in so many words. ) Under Neil’s guidance I An Aramaic word used in the Greek New Testament for father or dad is abba. It appears in the Johannine definition ( 1 John 4:8 ), “God is love. THE ARAMAIC MEMRA, SHEKINAH, AND YEQARA OF THE TARGUMS _____ A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary _____ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy _____ by Adam Joseph Howell May 2015 Greek in the Holy Land was heavily interpenetrated by native Semitic languages, such as Aramaic and Hebrew. A unit about the Palestinian vowel system we’re employing. TNDL: “THE AGAPE LOVE OF THE MOST HIGH GOD TOWARDS HIS PEOPLE; SEE HOW LOVING HE AND HIS AGAPE IS?” 1 John 3 KJV. com. I’m going to be here next year so we will get to meet in person. 10. Storge: Love of family; Parent/child, siblings, cousins, etc. Discussion Questions. The site has become a favorite resource of teachers of reading, spelling, and English as a second language. It's like comparing King James English to how you would actually talk. The word “agapetos” means “dear, beloved, indicating a close relationship especially between parent and child”. What is the difference? Almost all common Greek or Hebrew words will be translated into more than one English word at different places in the Bible. The new Conversational Galilean curriculum will be as follows: A unit about the Alphabet. In his greatest act of love, God the Father sent his only Son to be the perfect sacrifice for the sin of all humanity, Jews and Gentiles alike. Thankfully, we don’t have to know the history of the word agape before we can share it with others. They saw powerful death being overcome (Rom 8:35-39; 1Cor 15). Greek has four words for love (eros, philos, storge and agape) while Hebrew and English have only one (ahava and love, respectively). The online etymology dictionary is the internet's go-to source for quick and reliable accounts of the origin and history of English words, phrases, and idioms. We are commanded to have agape love but not phileo love because feelings cannot be commanded. But then as Jesus's followers spread his teachings around the world. I've been looking around the internet for some but have come up empty. ” (Joh 14:21) This love of the Father and of the Son is accompanied by tender affection for such loving persons. It has been a major part of Jewish prayers for centuries. So let us contrast agape and the noun philia. &aa-cute;ga- pe ] The baby girl name Ágape is also used as a boy name. The Agape Center in Los Angeles was founded by Michael Bernard Beckwith in 1986 and is described as a “global community dedicated to recognising, honouring and nurturing the dignity and So agape was chosen. Translations from the Aramaic to Greek and then into English have left the Bible with “numerous errors,” which must be corrected by someone knowledgeable in the Aramaic language. Eccl 9:1, 6). 3). Agape' Baptist Church, Jacksonville. 1 If I speak in the tongues of men or of angels, but do not have love, I am only a resounding gong or a clanging cymbal. 7 deep in. Jesus utilized at least two Grecian words for love in his well-known post-resurrection conversation with Peter regarding how much he loved him. St. 3:3. Bruce continues: "When two such distinguished Greek scholars (both, moreover, tending to argue from the standards of classical Greek) see the significance of the synonymns so differently, we may wonder if indeed we are intended to see Dec 3, 2018 - The meaning of Khuba is Love. It is not that God loves that which is in itself worthy to be loved: but, on the contrary, that which in itself is without value acquires value by the fact that it is the object of God’s love. The ancient Greeks had different words for different types of love, including agape, unconditional or spiritual love. Aramaic Sources of Mark's Gospel - Ebook written by Maurice Casey. God shows us what genuine love really looks like. Two words for love are used in this intimate conversation between Jesus and Peter. We are to love God and others with agape love. Diligere, to be kindly disposed to one, wish one well; but φιλειν denotes an inclination prompted by sense and emotion”. Ágape has its origins in the Latin language. Film Focus Point: A rap about agape love by David Scherer, also known as Agape, showing how it needs to be spread in society, especially between members of different cultures and ethnicities. John Ankerberg, Dr. All my thoughts lie open to your gaze. The one who fears is not made perfect in love. The first recommended is the wonderful translation work of Victor Alexander. The name Ágape means 'love'. The first two times Jesus used the word Agape, meaning Unconditional Love as in giving your life for the other person, but Peter answered “Yes, I love you” but used the word Phileo, which means a brotherly type of love. By 300 BC, Aramaic was already included in the Jewish literature. I love the Strong’s concordance. One Hebrew word for love, ahab, has been defined as a strong emotional attachment that includes a desire to be in the presence of the loved person. The first two times Jesus used the word Agape, meaning Unconditional Love as in giving your life for the other person, but Peter answered “Yes, I love you” but used the word Phileo, which means a brotherly type of love. It is therefore only given to girls. In those verses Jesus asks Peter if he loves him, however Jesus used different Greek words for Love. aka the Peshitta. Here are more details on these Aramaic words for love, in St John's Gospel, though not in this particular context. 1:31 and 2Tim. That was one of the big areas of discussions are the narratives of love that you get with the Greek text, where Agape is pure love, but Phileo is a normal or brotherly love etc. Agape is creative…. In the first century AD, the Aramaic language was widespread throughout the Middle East, as is supported by the testimony of Josephus’s The Jewish War. This Greek word, agápē (pronounced uh-GAH-pay ), and variations of it are frequently found throughout the New Testament but rarely in non-Christian Greek literature. These words have no exact corresponding word either in Old Testament Hebrew or in Aramaic. Cp. Human translations with examples: agape, banal na pagibig. Latin Baby Names. 2. His love is undeserved, gracious, and sacrificial. Aramaic is older than modern Hebrew text which came along in the AD era. Dr. 2. ) I disagree with your interpretation, not least because you are using a different definition of agape from what the Greeks used. is kind; love is not envious; love is not boastful, is not puffed up. Leer Más >> The feminine noun ahavah can describe the love of husband toward wife (Gen 29:20), God's love for his people, (Deut 7:8; II Chr 2:11), and deep abiding friendship (I Sam 18:3; I Sam 20:17). Martella (Aramaic origin) means "a woman is the ruler of the house". Ágape. BARSABBAS (Βαρσαββάς): Greek form of Aramaic Bar-Sabba, probably meaning "son of the Sabbath. Maria (Aramaic origin) means "bitter or wished-for child". For our context, it means to be amicable or kindly. In asking the question three times, Jesus is asking if Peter will be his disciple and follow him no matter what the cost. Jesus preached in it, and parts of the Old Testament and rabbinical literature were written in it. So that takes us back to Jesus' day when he said that in Aramaic. Look at the Aramaic and Hebrew word studies to reveal the different points of view. Christian’s are supposed to love one another. This was the name of the Roman goddess of love and sex. Rather this is benevolent love that always seeks the good of the beloved. Jesus and Peter were probably (not certainly, but probably) speaking Aramaic, which doesn't have the same distinction between types of love that Greek does. An old form of the name is Agape (Old Greek). “hopes (elpizei) all things” (v. It actually fits how we use love today. Much wisdom is attributed to the words and letters in the Hebrew language. Any good links or suggestions would be great! Spiritual, altruistic, beneficial love which wills good for others. For the wonder of who I am, I praise you: Safe in your hands, all creation is made new. Rather, agape love is an exercise of the will, a deliberate choice. 245 likes · 1 talking about this · 308 were here. , 1925-1940) ἀγαπάω. Philia is affectionate regard, friendship, friendliness, amiability, fondness, liking for, and the natural force which unites discordant elements and movements. Phileo is human love (you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours. It is always an underserved, unearned and unconditional love type that is being extended to another person regardless of what occurs or how they act towards the person showing it. " 13 Chris­tian love is not merely an emotion that rises unbidden in Agape Love. Trench's Synonyms of the New Testament (1880) Besides, that argument would hardly be viable if the original conversation would have been in Aramaic. ” “When He asked Peter if he loved Him, Jesus used the Greek word ‘agape’ for love. By: Dr. This translation is derived from the author's Aramaic-English Interlinear New Testament + Psalms & Proverbs interlinears. Agape love does not stem simply from feelings or from pleasant interactions with another person, but from a deep respect, honor, and commitment. La Biblia habla sobre varios tipos de amor. The Amplified’s “fiery hell” is the Greek Gehenna, a name for the Valley of Hinnom just south of Jerusalem (more about this later). Western Aramaic definition is - the subgroup of Aramaic languages used in Syria and Palestine and by people from this area including the language of the Aramaic portions of the Bible and of the Targums. Some say that agape love is the higher form of love, and Jesus comes down to Peter’s level the third time. As a young christian I was told that the love God has for us, and the love he wants us to have for others, is a self-giving love, for which the New Testament writers used the Greek word agape. ” Forgiveness is not merely a moral term but also an economic one. As I have loved you, so you must love one another” (John 13:34). Welcome to Agape House Love, Pam “Hi, my name is Katie Marie. Agape love. For the Christian then, agape love is a higher order love than hesed because Christ Himself divinely inspired it. [ 3 syll. ” “When He asked Peter if he loved Him, Jesus used the Greek word ‘agape’ for love. Elahi is Aramaic for "My God". Aramaic Peshitta helped to understand the most complex passages, parables, and instructions in the New But according to Westcott, the first word (agape) is too high and Peter pushes for a more human word for love. ” The true expression of agape love flows from Christ in abundance to us and from us to the world, just as the blood and water flowed from His side on the altar of the Cross. So Peter wants to answer with agape, but feels unable. Errico says: "We are not referring to sentimentality or ardent affection. Victor is the only translator I know of who not only speaks Aramaic as his Native Tongue; but also went to the old priests in search of the most ancient Aramaic writings of the Bible. You will Jul 23, 2017 - Explore Anna Mikhaiel's board "aramaic alphabet letters" on Pinterest. As Christians we study the Hebrew, Greek, and Aramaic words for love. Jesus spoke Aramaic and the word used in the Aramaic Bible is racham. feel free to email me at faith@agapeelahi. A list of Latin Names for Girls and Boys with Meanings of Latin Baby Names. . 1 Corinthians 13:7, "It [love, agape, ἀγάπη] bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. 1. The Father’s love for His Son is agape love in John 3:35, but phileo love in John 5:20. . This is the love that God has for His people and that prompted the sacrifice of His only Son, Jesus, for our sins. But the New Testament was originally in koinic Greek and makes full use of the Greek language so you need to be more careful. ’ (Matthew 22:37-39) Whereas Jesus spoke Aramaic, the gospels are written in Greek. The English word "charity" comes from the Latin "caritas", which means "Christian love" as opposed to sexual love (Online Etymological Dictionary). agapeloveishere. Whenever "charity" appears in Some evidence that Christ spoke the language does exist in the New Testament. It means also to think of, act towards, and care for someone by focusing the energy of Love in kindness and friendship and is also known as loving-kindness, compassion, and encouraging worth/ value. Rakhmah (ܪܚܡܐ) is the term for divine mercy that Jesus would have spoken during his time on Earth, and it's the same word the disciples used to describe Jesus' acts and lifestyle. Looking for the perfect name for your little one? Search Belly Ballot to discover the popularity, meanings, and origins of thousands of names from around the world. Not even Septuagint uses of Agape had conditioned this word for the meanings that Jesus and Paul brought to God's people. to treat with affection, to caress, love, be fond of Dodson: ἀγαπάω I love I love, wish well to, take pleasure in, long for; denotes the love of reason, esteem. Agape love is selfless love, the love for humanity. On account of their deliberations, these intellectuals played a key role in mediating between the Orthodox Church and modern society. As previously mentioned, many scholars believe this phrase refers to the very early ritual of eating a meal, which Christians referred to as a "agape/love" meal, before receiving the Eucharist, just as Jesus and His disciples ate the sacred meal of the Passover sacrifice before He presented His Body and Blood as the Gospels note with the phrase "while they were eating" (Mt 26:21, 26; Mk 14:18, 22). ” (Jesus: “Simon son of John, do you truly ‘agape’ me more than The one who loves with agape love is optimistic, and is disposed to believe the best rather than the worst about people. The noun form first occurs in the Septuagint, but the verb form goes as far back “of the three Greek words for love, eros, philia (the love of friendship) and agape, New Testament writers prefer the last, which occurs rather infrequently in Greek usage. However, Hebrew retained its status as a religious language. Nineteenth- and twentieth-century Russian religious intellectuals devoted a great deal of attention to the concept of agape, or Divine Love, arguing that the Christian church is a reflection of the triune, self-sacrificing God and his love for all of creation. WATCH THE ADVENT: LOVE VIDEO AND See Luke 6:31. This especially came out when I spent years studying the Aramaic New Testament. . John 21:15-17 Are synonyms synonyms? That is the question the translator is confronted with when translating John 21:15-17. Also gives a brief explanation of the other three types of love. Here’s a 60-second video about All the references below are translations of agapao or agape except as noted. " -- Stan (U. First of all, agape is a noun and phileo is a verb. Now, as the Aramaic often uses a single word, translated as the two synonyms, agape and phileo, we would expect to see at least one example of a “synonym split word”. Aramaic (Classical Syriac: ܐܪܡܝܐ Arāmāyā; Old Aramaic: 𐤀𐤓𐤌𐤉𐤀; Imperial Aramaic: 𐡀𐡓𐡌𐡉𐡀; square script אַרָמָיָא) is a language that originated among the Aramaeans in the ancient region of Syria, at the end of the 2nd millennium BC, and later became one of the most prominent languages of the ancient Near East. It is professional enough to satisfy academic standards, but accessible enough to be used by anyone. This understanding was reinforced by reading the CS Lewis book, The Four Loves , which spoke about the following Greek words: Agape. O God, you search me and you know me. 205 lb | 546 gms Publisher: Zondervan Synopsis This easy-to-understand book includes everything you need to learn Biblical Aramaic, including a lexicon of Biblical Aramaic, the Similar to the last point, some scholars point out that agape is love that we are commanded to do. It doesn’t stop at the first mile, but it goes ᾰ̓γᾰ́πη • ( agápē ) f ( genitive ᾰ̓γᾰ́πης ); first declension. The Greek word translated into The word Ahavah is a literal translation of the Hebrew which means a pure love and referred to the word "worship" as the maximum expression of love that can be given to God, hence the name "Ahavah. It goes beyond just the emotions to the extent of seeking the best for others. It is a love that surpasses human understanding and causes a person to be filled with the fullness of God (Ephesians 3:18-19). A child in the mother’s womb is little more than a friend. Van Pelt Format: Softcover List Price: $44. According to Thayer's Lexicon, “As to the distinction between ’αγαπαν and φιλειν: The former, by virtue of its connection with ’αγαμαι, properly denotes a love founded in admiration, veration, esteem, like the Lat. Malachi. And Nebuchadrezzar. Boy was I wrong! You will make some of the best friends in Agape. Eros: The sense of being in love; romantic love. In this text, Paul presents a description of Agape, the highest form of love, one originating from God. It is not love based on the goodness of the beloved, or upon natural affinity or emotion. Love (ἀγὰπη) suffers long (μακροθυμὲω) and. The Meaning of Agape in the New Testament "The great reason why Christian thought fastened on agape is that agape demands the exercise of the whole man. Contextual translation of "agape" into Arabic. This name of love is the unconditional love of God. … Agape is not a weak, passive love. But Jesus didn't speak Greek. Love or "ahava" in the Hebraic mind is very different in today's culture. In the course of life, it is impossible to avoid offending others from time to time. Text Focus Point: Pages 244-248. But Jesus spoke a language called Aramaic, which uses a different word than the Hebrew for love, and the early Christians wrote the gospel accounts in Greek, which uses the word “agape” (ἀγάπη) for “love. I love Baseball, Ice-cream, my Mother and my Wife and Children… oh, yeah, and cool fall afternoons in New England too. Unfortunately I was very disappointed. The name was borne by two early minor saints. (NLT, 1 John 4:16) Our relationship to God is like the loving relationship between a child and Aramaic that Jesus would have spoken wouldn’t have contained such a verb. Hesed is based on obedience, but agape is founded in Let's talk about love, Old Testament style! In this video, we'll explore the various ways the Hebrew authors used the word "love," and how they depicted God Agape love is more than a feeling—it is an act of the will. Christians are to love one another with agape love, as seen in Jesus’ Parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37). November 19th, 1944 @ 7:30 PM Luke 12:16 Evangelism, Love, Self-Worth, Sparrow, Value, 1944, Luke And he spake a parable unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully: Receiving the Grace of God in Vain In those verses Jesus asks Peter if he loves him, however Jesus used different Greek words for Love. The world needs more Agape love. Chants recorded live in the "Upper Room" (now part of St. A groundbreaking, comprehensive study of twenty-five major Russian religious thinkers. But consider: Men agape-loved the darkness rather than the light, for their works were perni-cious. I do not see how this can be used as evidence that [OP]: the translator understood a difference between the verb agapao and the noun agape which required the use of a different form of agape In John 3:16, God’s love for man is agape love; but in John 16:27, it is phileo love. Your love to me was more KJV: pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love to me was wonderful, INT: have been very wonderful your love the love of women. Beckwith’s services and Agape’s classes, the version that is primarily used is a metaphysical, Gnostic-inspired edition translated and interpreted from the original Aramaic, rather than the Greek translation used in traditional Christian churches such as the King James version or the Saint Gregory His first three dying declarations have been declarations of love: Forgiveness for His tormentors required agape love; Salvation for a lifelong criminal also required agape love Care for His mother was storgé love by entrusting her to John’s care, which was motivated by philos love; But now comes a word of sheer, unparalleled agony. At first, I came to Agape thinking I wasn’t going to make friends, or even get any help. How does hearing the prayer sung in the original Aramaic help you understand it as the “Our Father?” What is it like hearing the Lord’s Prayer in the language Jesus The Agape Center in Los Angeles was founded by Michael Bernard Beckwith in 1986 and is described as a “global community dedicated to recognising, honouring and nurturing the dignity and Please Visit Agape Love, Love Is Here's web site at https://www. 1 Corinthians 13:1 + Download 100% Free MP3 Bibles Much like our English word for love, agape love can refer to anything on the spectrum between the idea of really liking someone or something all the way to sacrificial selfless love. S. Chav flows from one person to another, but racham flows back, completing the circle. 18 There is no fear in love. specifically, the love between God and humanity, good will, benevolence. Paul employs the word agape! Agape (Unconditional + God like) Love but do not have love, I have become a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. “Jesus didn’t speak English. “Love” in the Greek is Agape. I am a Buddhist scholar presently doing research on love in the different religions. It is predominantly used in English and Greek. 18. Agape's language of origin is Old Greek. " Bishop Curry captivated an audience of students and adults, by telling a story about the kind of love, an agape love, that Jesus had and that this is the kind of love that God wants us to have. A famous bearer was the Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791), who was actually born Wolfgang Theophilus Mozart but preferred the Latin translation of his Greek middle name. (in the plural) Christian love feasts. Pros 1. Compare G5368. Great Lent is a period of time when the people are more conscious of their spiritual character. This is a word that has no Hebrew cognate and which does not occur in the Aramaic of the Old Testament. Agape is love, brotherly love, charity, alms, and (in the plural, agapai) love -feast. Film Focus Point: Recording of the Lord’s Prayer sung in the original Aramaic. So in the Hebrew Bible ahava translates as love. It's so much more than we could ever dream or imagine. Contextual translation of "agape love" into Tagalog. The word is not to be confused with philia, brotherly love, or philautia, self-love, as it embraces a universal, unconditional love that transcends and persists regardless of circumstance. This required love is justified based on the intrinsic value of God and His people. This is the last book in the Old Testament. Means "love, sexual desire" in Latin. Strong's: ἀγαπάω to love (in a social or moral sense) Derivation: perhaps from ἄγαν (much) (or compare H5689); KJV Usage: (be-)love(-ed). Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Besides, that argument would hardly be viable if the original conversation would have been in Aramaic. As for the term philia, the love of friendship, it is used with added depth of meaning in Saint John’s Gospel in order to express the relationship between Jesus and his "Agape" is the kind of love that we will be addressing as this is the kind of love that Jesus taught. Agape is a Divine Investment into your being. e. In fact, since Jesus spoke Aramaic, he probably used the Aramaic word khoba, which means both “sin and debt. Agape is a Greek word for unselfish love. Discussion Questions Agape - This is the Love of God toward us Phileo - more like tender affection So if you look into John 21:15-17 Jesus askes three times 'Simon, do you love me?' but Jesus uses both 'Agape' and 'Phileo' interchangeably. These terms were often found in classical Greek literature to describe wild animals fighting each other in deadly conflict. See also on this page - Definition of Hebrew word - Racham); Lovingkindness (Hesed/Chesed/Heced) is the idea of faithful love in action and often in the OT refers to God's lovingkindness expressed in His covenant relationship with Israel (His "loyal love" to His "Wife" Israel [cp Hos 2:18, 19, 20-see note, Is 54:5, Je 31:32] = His "loyalty to covenant"). This is translated by the Gospel writers as Πετρος, which has subtle differences in meaning from πετρα, the former is generally like English "stone Raca is an Aramaic word, a serious insult. We are a church family seeking to love God and love others as Jesus Christ has loved us. In the Peshitta or the Aramaic Bible, it is the word Chav which is similar to the Hebrew word Ahav and means love. Human translations with examples: مدهش, محبة, اغابي, أغابي, فاغر الفم, محبة (مسيحية The Greek word “Agape denotes a reasoned-out love, rather than an emotionally-based love…one that loves the object irrespective of the worth of the object and even though the love may not be reciprocated. -700 to +600), also called Chaldean, Syrian, Syriac or Assyrian, is the language that Jesus spoke. Your love to me was more wonderful than love of women. All agape. Members share in this unconditional love at each meeting. St. How does hearing the prayer sung in the original Aramaic help you understand it as the “Our Father?” What is it like hearing the Lord’s Prayer in the language Jesus What is love? What is the definition of love? What exactly is a "holy kiss"? What is the law of Christ? What is the meaning of perfection in the Bible? What was a Roman centurion? What are Christian saints according to the Bible? What is the definition of a miracle? Greek What is agape love? What does diadem mean in the Bible? While the Bible is mainly referenced in Dr. Also Jesus explained: “He that loves [a·ga·pon′] me will be loved [a·ga·pe·the′se·tai] by my Father, and I will love [a·ga·pe′so] him. It is not in the top 1000 names. , however, Leviticus 19:18 Agape love is selfless, sacrificial, unconditional love. 4. # 5:15 Both Aramaic and Greek manuscripts read “biting and devouring,” which is a metaphor for critical attitudes that will destroy the fellowship. Proverbs uses ahavah in its most abstract form: "love covers all sins" (Prov 10:12), "better a dinner where love is" (Prov 15:17; cf. The person who loves with agape love doesn’t give up easily on the other person. The love you give without expecting anything in return reflected in all charitable acts. ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. LOVINGKINDNESS Hesed - Chesed - Heced. 2 Samuel 1:26 HEB: מְאֹ֑ד נִפְלְאַ֤תָה אַהֲבָֽתְךָ֙ לִ֔י מֵאַהֲבַ֖ת NAS: pleasant to me. “ Ό ϴeos aγaπηv εσττιν” God is Love. [1] Second, Peter and Jesus undoubtedly spoke in Aramaic, even though the Holy Spirit recorded the conversation in common Greek. God’s love isn’t sentimental; it’s part of His character. Matthew. It is the compassionate love that makes us sympathize with, help and connect to people we don’t know. Agape is the selfless, giving, unconditional type of active love. It is the love of God operating in and from the human heart. ” If you give me YOUR BEST LOVE Phileo I will AGAPE love…Hebrew doesnt have the different word that greek does so it seems the author may have also been translating the nuance he noticed. Hence, Hebrew was not just created by God, but utilized by God in creating the world. (You can read more about this in Neil’s book, Prayers of the Cosmos, a required reading in this course. Always promised, always true. Love never fails. Baby names that sound like Ágape include Gabi (Arabic, English, and German), Gabie (Arabic and English), Gaby (English, French, and German), Gavi (Hebrew), Geva, Gibby, Gopi (Indian), Gulaab, Gulab, and Ghipe PHILOS - Love or friendship. Agape in Greek, means unconditional love. The Aramaic language is a biblical language. Beautiful recording of musical chanting of first 7 Beatitudes in Aramaic, the native language of Yeshua (Jesus), Judea and most of the Middle East, two thousand years ago. The Aramaic word for "love" is “huba,” it means warm, kindle, and set on fire. The Lord’s Prayer in Aramaic: Aramaic (fl. God loves from an outpouring of who He is. Hebrew and Aramaic have a fourth word for loving with tender mercy — racham. Agape love being the highest and most spiritual love wherein Peter is called to Love Jesus above all things and all people, including himself. Aramaic, I learned, was the language that Jesus spoke and taught in, not Hebrew as I had been led to believe. 1 Corinthians 13:1 + Download 100% Free MP3 Bibles Nicholas Wolterstorff — author of Justice in Love and Justice: Rights and Wrongs "This book by Timothy Jackson has the paramount virtue of inviting and provoking the reader to think deeply about issues of fundamental importance — in particular, about the proper role of agapic love in our lives as citizens. The ancient Greeks had different words for different types of love, including agape, unconditional or spiritual love. It is used, for example, in 1 Corinthians 13. A purported translation of the bible from Aramaic manuscripts (mainly from the Khaboris Codex). However, there is also a sense of phileo distinct from the uses of agapao. Neil Douglas Klotz, they form very different thoughts. Return to this ancient prayer and to Jesus’ original language and original style of prayer. Aramaic is the main language of the Talmud and Zohar. Jesus was agape love personified. The interesting thing about the scary "Thy Will be done" part is how the prayer translates directly from the Aramaic. But then, as Jesus’ followers spread his teachings around the world, they translated them into Greek using the word “agape”. Well, that's kind of a loaded question. The Bible is a compilation of 66 books and letters written by more than 40 authors during a period of approximately 1,500 years. You can read this in Mark 12:31. This category of love is the highest form of any type of love listed in the Bible. ‭” ‬We must choose to remain in His agapao love‭ (‬Jude‭ ‬21‭)‬,‭ “‬keep yourselves in the love of God,‭ ‬waiting anxiously for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ to eternal life. Mark's Syrian Orthodox Convent, Jerusalem) where Yeshua is believed to have offered bread and wine as part of the form of love summed up by the Greek word agape, which is a total, committed sacrificial love. H5689 G5368 Agape (Ancient Greek ἀγάπη, agápē pronounced ag-are-pay) is a universal, unconditional love that transcends and persists regardless of circumstance. These are Chav (also transliterated in English as hooba) and Racham (or raham). Aramaic Words for "Rock" I know that technically this is more of a question for Aramaic scholars than Greek or Hebrew ones, but still . His work is A love that never changes, never fails. In John 13:34, this love is agape love; but in John 15:19, it is phileo love. The Pali word for ‘unconditional’ or ‘brotherly’ love is metta or sineha or perhaps hita, which I take to be equivalent to the Greek agape. ) Agape In the New Testament the Greek word αγάπη refers to the Love of God for us, and of Christians for one another. Phileo: One of four greek words for love, this one signifies friendship, fondness, affection, delight, and personal attachment. Discussion Questions The Lord’s Prayer in Aramaic. 7c). As the mother of Aeneas she was considered an ancestor of the Roman people. (Some of it was written in Aramaic). But Peter, finally being honest says to Jesus in effect, Lord you know that I love you (only) with brotherly love ( philo se ). But it is likely that Jesus was speaking in Aramaic or Hebrew rather than Greek. Others reverse it, saying that by the end Peter convinces Jesus that he has the right kind of love. "Agape" and "phileos" are used almost synonymously in other places in the NT. This story was about a cat named Muffin, and a dog named Bishop. Josephus chose to inform people from what are now Iran, Iraq, and remote parts of the Arabian Peninsula about the war of the Jews against the Romans through books he wrote “in the language of our country”, prior to translating into Greek Love: The primary key to everything. A Healing Journey with the Aramaic Lord’s Prayer: Reclaiming the Mysticism of Jesus through His Native Language by Neil Douglas-Klotz and Elizabeth A. As 1 John 4:8 states, “God is love [agapos],” meaning He is the source of agape love. You see, God didn’t send us a dictionary or a lexicon. There is not a word in the Greek for racham; it is agape love on steroids. com Agape is a Greco-Christian term referring to unconditional love, "the highest form of love, charity" and "the love of God for man and of man for God". See full list on olivetree. It is insistence on community even when one seeks to break it. " Love, Jewish Style By Ahuva Bloomfield Hebrew, as one may know, is considered by the Bible to be the first language. (Christianity) The love of God for mankind, or the benevolent love of Christians for others. In the Greek New Testament, we find that the word used for love in John 3:16 is Agape. And the climax of this Gospel story—surprise!—doesn’t hinge on the word agapao; rather, Peter’s healing and restoration are seen in the use of phileo . It can fit the 4 loves. Agape is the highest form of love found in the Holy Bible. They translated them into Greek using the word Agape, but here's what's fascinating the earliest followers of Jesus. The Greek word 'agape' is translated both as 'charity' and 'love' in many places in the new testament in the KJV. I truly believe the Lord is in the process of breaking dividing walls between denominations, cultures, ages, socio-economic groups, causing His Body to join in unity to love one another as they love their own selves. While the same Aramaic word for love was probably used in each instance during the original seashore dialogue, John wanted to convey something very powerful in Jesus’ line of questioning. (The different types of *love* in scripture & the meanings of each type) στοργή- storge refers to the natural affection parents have for their children; ἔρως - eros is romantic love; φιλία - philia is friendship; and ἀγάπη -agape is unconditional love, the love God has for us. There is no direct translation of this word into English or into ancient Aramaic. Its original text was communicated in just three languages: Hebrew, koine or common Greek, and Aramaic. Agape is love seeking to preserve and create community. I named this website Agape Elahi. 10:37 He that loveth father or mother John 12:25 He that loveth AGAPE ä gä’ pā, ἀγάπη, G27, is one NT word for love. Here the same Greek noun is used twice, each translating the same Hebrew noun. Agape is Gods love and Christ's love within us in action. An example is Abraham’s love for his son Isaac (Genesis 22:2) and Jonathan’s love for David (1 Samuel 18:1). It is the closest to unconditional love. I need a good symbol for Agape for a tattoo? Im looking to get another tattoo using the Greek word Agape, for unconditional love, mostly for my family and parents. John 16:27. This is how the harvest will be reaped. TL;DR There are different Greek words for love, namely agape and philia. It is the love of God operating in the human heart. This is the love of a groom for his bride who is responding to his love. But also to the love of darkness (John 3: 19) or of the world (2 Timothy 4: 10). True love for God impacts our ability to love our neighbors. If your idea comes to life as a featured shirt, I will send you your design on a shirt for free. It will change your life. In its Semitic root, it means the womb or more specifically the love a mother has for a child in her womb. Film Focus Point: A rap about agape love by David Scherer, also known as Agape, showing how it needs to be spread in society, especially between members of different cultures and ethnicities. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read An Aramaic Approach to Q: Sources for the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. While many might think Aramaic is a dead language, it is alive and used in some areas of the world. The root of the word means to "set on fire" or "to warm". 5:44; Exod. " In the bible, this is the surname of a certain Joseph and Judas, mentioned in Acts 1:23 and 15:22 respectively. Along with temperance (self-control), love is a bookend that helps hold the other fruit in place. Aramaic, the root language of all Semitic languages, has a long and treasured place in history. Famous name bearer The Word Agape Came into Use Only After Yahoshua Started Using the Hebrew, (or Aramaic Word), that Translated into the Greek Word Agape, Like When Yahoshua Asked Peter Three Times, Do You Love Me, (Twice as Agape and the Last Time switching to Phileo). We are given the commandments to love God (Mark 12:30), love one another (Romans 13:8), love our neighbor (Mark 12:31) and love our enemies (Matthew 5:44). But then, as Jesus’ followers spread his teachings around the world, they translated them into Greek using the word agape. But northern New Jersey is one of the places where Syriac In regard to agape love,‭ ‬Christ commands us to agapao God with our entire being‭ (‬Mark‭ ‬12:30‭)‬,‭ “‬you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart,‭ ‬and with all your soul,‭ ‬and with all your mind,‭ ‬and with all your strength. Martelle (Aramaic origin) means "a lady who is the mistress of the house". Matthew 5: 44, "Yet I am saying to you: Love your enemies and bless anyone who is cursing you and do good to them who are hating you: and pray for those who are oppressing you and are persecuting you. 2) And this sort of thing thing is true on syntax and structure. He/she can recognize that there is a problem, but hopes to resolve the problem. He spoke Aramaic, a really old language, Hebrew, the Jewish language, and Greek, a language that was common then because it was used for business. Our aim is to be instruments of this unconditional love to a world that often doesn´t know of it nor has experienced it. See also the related category latin. Finally, we have Love (Noun and Verb) [ A-1,Verb,G25, agapao] and the corresponding noun agape (B, No. For you created me and shaped me, Gave me life within my mother's womb. 23:1-5). agape ag-ah'-pay: love, i. He used the word agape, which is a deep love and phileo, which is brotherly love toward someone we like (see John 21: 15 - 17). I only found out recently that agape (pronounced ah-GAH-peh) is a Agape is the higher form of Godly love and Peter is unwilling to commit to that strong of a term, so Jesus concedes and comes down to Peter’s level. 2. Love comes in many forms, but biblical love is always circular. It might be unwise for us to press the Greek too far in this case. From Ancient Greek ἀγάπη (agápē). He spoke Aramaic, a really old language, Hebrew, the Jewish language, and Greek, a language that was common then because it was used for business. Meanwhile, in the minds of the people whose tongues gave us Greek, Friendship was the highest form of devotion. Text Focus Point: Page 220. Agape is a Greek name which means love and affection. It is suggested that Peter is afraid to commit to a higher level of love because he recently denied Christ three times. It was a cousin language of Hebrew that is Aramaic in which the word for love is a. 17 This is how love is made complete among us so that we will have confidence on the day of judgment: In this world we are like Jesus. 99 (USD) Page Count: 256 Paper Edge Description: Plain Size: 8. It’s this further development of anger that really makes the links between angry responses to another person and murder apparent. ” Rather than using a dictionary definition of all these Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek words, Jesus’s earliest followers had their very conception of love changed by what they’d seen him say and do. Strong's Exhaustive Dictionary defines ahava as "to have affection, sexually or otherwise, love, like, to befriend, to be intimate. The point is that agape love is not simply an impulse generated from feelings. Furthermore, we are told by the Greek primacists that "Phileo" supposedly means a more "friendly" type of "love", whereas "Agape" is more a "Godly" type of "love. The Lord’s Prayer in Aramaic. affection or benevolence; specially (plural) a love-feast -- (feast of) charity (-ably), dear, love. (The different types of *love* in scripture & the meanings of each type) στοργή- storge refers to the natural affection parents have for their children; ἔρως - eros is romantic love; φιλία - philia is friendship; and ἀγάπη -agape is unconditional love, the love God has for us. The unconditional love expressed in 1 Corinthians 13 is agape in the Greek, chav in Aramaic, and ahav in Hebrew. We are a church family seeking to love God and love others as Jesus Christ has loved us. And with love everlasting you besiege me: In ev'ry moment of life or death, you are. " It brings to mind the idea of longing for or breathing for another. org All music videos are freely streamed from Youtube and are not the intellectual property of Agape Love, Love Is Here. A strip mall 15 minutes down the highway from Manhattan is the last place I expected to hear the language spoken by Jesus Christ. – Agape love is love at the highest level. 1 below) present the characteristic word of Christianity, and since the Spirit of revelation has used it to express ideas previously unknown, inquiry into its use, whether in Greek literature or in the Septuagint, throws but little light upon its distinctive meaning in the NT. 5 wide x 11 high x 0. – The word "agape" is used 106 times throughout the New Testament. He told us to "Love God, love your neighbor, and change the world. Such examples are hard to come by, but they do exist. This comment is being written after studying with his translation only about 5 days: There's just no real nice way to say this; But Andrew Gabriel Roth's translation of the New Testament from the Aramaic is Agapeo: Unconditional love; the love of God in the renewed mind in manifestation. Agape love is an unconditional, universal and unbreakable love that will be there regardless of changes in circumstances or feelings. Especially interesting so far has been the dissection of Jesus’s and Peter’s interaction where Jesus asks Peter if he loves him, and studying the different meanings of the word love and how Peter only came to have Agape love after many years in the ministry as evidenced in 2nd Peter. The Book of Acts, King James Bible, by Alexander Scourby © is being aired with permission of Scourby. (John 3:19, Faithful New Testament) Agape Love. ’ This is the greatest and first commandment. ” It is that love demanded of man by the law of God and for man’s neighbor, whom man must love “as himself. 16). Throughout history, Latin theologians such as Augustine have used "caritas" as a term of art to refer specifically to Christian love (On Christian Doctrine, 3. 17. 1 John 4:8, Jeremiah 31:3, Deuteronomy 4:37; Our love for God is more than a feeling, it’s also demonstrated in action. If the conversation was in Aramaic then the two different Aramaic words for love and friendship may have been used. Could you tell me the Aramaic word or words Jesus might have used which was translated as agape? Means "love of God", derived from Latin amare "to love" and Deus "God". A love, a mercy, a compassion that we can trust in regardless of what our circumstances may be. God is love, and he created us in his image so we can love. Hebrew word hesed - deliberate choice of affection and kindness The Top Bible Verses about Agape Love in Scripture View the biblical references and examples of Agape Love to learn more about its meaning and significance. Here in Belem, Para, Brazil, there are plenty of opportunities to practice this agape of Abba to those who live here. During the course of the year, members sing, have group discussions and hear from different special speakers. That is, Aramaic, in which the word for love is a “rakhmah”. Advent: Love STUDY NOTES LEARN MORE AT THEBIBLEPROJECT. "If Jesus spoke primarily in Hebrew or Aramaic, wouldn't that render moot any effort to dissect the Greek words for 'love' in this passage? I understand that Hebrew is like English, with only one word for love, with the meaning based on context. love, affection, esteem. When I first came to studying John’s gospel, I was armed with two things: a concern to pay attention to the details of the text; and the knowledge of all earnest Christians (thanks to C S Lewis) that there were four words for ‘love’ in Greek (eros, storge, philia and agape) pointing to the four different meanings, four different uses of ( Lord i love You and I will live always in Your presence ) Yalli habbitnii bahibbak anaa ( You are the one who loved me , I love You too) (2) Rabbi bigaddi ana madyuun bi hayaati liik ( Lord i obliged to give my life to You) Albi wi ruuhi wi kulli kayaani biyigruu aalayk (I will follow You with all my heart and soul) Agape: brotherly love, charity; the love of God for man and of man for God - the highest love possible for Christians Eros: mostly of the sexual passion - intimate love philía: affectionate regard, friendship - to be fond of someone Where this list doesn’t have a 1:1 correspondence with Aramaic concepts, I believe that using it as a springboard to go over cognate Aramaic concepts will give this course the direction it needs. He is not commanding us to "have a good feeling" for our enemies, but to act in a loving way toward them. Through his covenant with Abraham, he chose the Jews as his people, then nurtured and protected them, despite their frequent disobedience. ” If God is love (agape), if God’s essential nature is to love with a selfless, self-giving love, passionately committed to the well-being of others – and if we are made in God’s image, then we can only be fully human, fully expressing God’s image in us, when we too love selflessly, when we too live our lives passionately committed to the well-being of others. The Aramaic alphabet uses unique symbols for different consonants and vowels. Agape is a willingness to go to any length to restore community. LOVE IS The Aramaic word for love is "hoo-ba" and it has many definitions and shades of meaning. And most people from Babylon to Jer… Testament translates them as “agape-love” and “philia-love” respectively. ) Yes, that’s right -- sort of. Agape love is INT: of his love because of his love life loved. ” (Jesus: “Simon son of John, do you truly ‘agape’ me more than these?” Hand Jesus the love sign triangle, and have him hold it so that everyone can see the “Agape” side. Do you mean examples in Greek, from the bible, or in general? In Greek (and coincidentally, from the bible), there are many examples: Agape is the more general and often used word [in biblical times], which Agape is not a special “God-Type of Love” but is in fact the most generic word for love… like our word love. Agape love takes action by directly caring for others, giving sacrificially of oneself, in a deep desire to help the other party and see them become their best. Understanding Aramaic Language. Agape (Unconditional + God like) Love but do not have love, I have become a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. " Some think that this is the word from which the Greek word "agape" originated. ReedThis 20-lesson online course, guides you on a journey of healing with the Aramaic Lord’s Prayer. Thus it was that the writer turned seriously to tackle the question of the original language of the Fourth Gospel; and quickly convincing himself that the theory of an original Aramaic document was no chimera, but a fact which was capable of the fullest verification (Charles Fox Burney, The Aramaic Origin of the Fourth Gospel, 1922, p. It is this love that causes believers to care about the spiritual welfare of others. There is no direct translation of this word into English or into ancient Another term that Syriac uses to translate the agapao/agape pair is hoba. Hebrew and Aramaic are like English in that they only had one word for love, not the three subtle differences of the Greek language. Agape: Love of the soul. a-ga-pe, ag-ape] The baby girl name Agape is pronounced aa-G AA-Pey- or AA-Gaa-Pey- †. See more ideas about aramaic alphabet, hebrew tattoo, aramaic language. This is the Aramaic language, what Jesus spoke when he was on earth. A love feast, especially one held in the early Christian Church in connection with the Eucharist. Hebrew word ahab - spontaneous, impulsive love (250 times in OT) 2. Those who love (phileo) me I love (agapao), and those who seek me will find me’, both Greek verbs here translating the same Hebrew verb ‘ahv’. We would expect to see different Greek texts, rendering the “Aramaic love” differently. 5. Phileo: Love between friends. Ahí está la palabra griega phileo, que significa "amistad o cariño". 3 Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. Whoever lives in love lives in God, and God in them. Agape-love. Let me put it into context. " But how can "Phileo" simply be a "friend-ly" type of love when you consider the following verses in the GNT: ? Matt. Its divine characteristics are detailed in 1 Corinthians 13:4-8. Agape is a concept of care that does not seek anything back, and as such is seen as the love of God / Higher Power for humanity. In its plural form this word is used in the New Testament to describe meals KJV 1 John 2:15 Love (= agapate, verb imperative present active 2nd person plural of agapao/agape) not the world, neither the things that are in the world. It uses Agape and Phileo, and flips back and forth between almost like they are equivalents of the Hebrew word for love that is very indefinite, like how Love is in English and other European tongues. | 216 wide x 279 high x deep 17 mm Weight: 1. 2 Samuel 1:26 16. [1] Second, Peter and Jesus undoubtedly spoke in Aramaic, even though the Holy Spirit recorded the conversation in common Greek. John Weldon; ©1999 The Aramaic argument claims that Jesus and the Apostles spoke and wrote in Aramaic, not in koine Greek. agape (grc: ἀγάπη; love, charity) and words derived from it philia (grc: φιλία; friendship, love) and words derived from it storge (grc: στοργή; natural affection), only as astorgos (grc: ἄστοργος; lacking natural affection) in Ro. Period. COM Love: Syriac Aramaic: ܚܘܒܐ Hebrew Aramaic: חובא (khuba) Peace: Syriac Aramaic: ܫܝܢܐ Hebrew Aramaic: שינא (shayna) Freedom: Syriac Aramaic: ܒܚܐܪܘܐܬ Hebrew Aramaic: בחארואת (b'khiaruota) I hope that helps. It was the only word capable of being filled with the breadth and depth of meaning of Christian love. [ syll. Famous name bearer: celebrity chef Martha Stewart. Martha (Aramaic origin) means "female version of Marc". Aramaic, I also learned is a much more expansive language with many layers of possible translations. Text Focus Point: Page 220. The Targum, or Aramaic translation, of the Song of Songs here says, “Strong as death is our love for You. This word is on of feeling – a heart of love – whereas agape is a matter of benevolence, duty, and commitment. Ágape is not often used as a baby girl name. Paul employs the word agape! Many blogs address this particular question (just Google “agape philia john 21,” and you’ll have no shortage of reading material). Explore other ancient languages like Latin vocabulary. ” Early Christians saw in Jesus’ death the ultimate demonstration of love. Agape Feast or Love God is love. • God’s passionate love for his people expresses itself as agape as Jesus Author: Miles V. Love is a power over which the primeval waters of chaos cannot prevail. 19. Agape ministries is probably the most famous use of the name, although in this case it is the name of an institution. Although the there are so many different subtle different shades of meaning to the words, as translated by Dr. The passages of the Gospels and the Epistles, the hymnology and prayers, the spirit of the Church - all endeavor to help the Christian cleanse himself spiritually through repentance. ”2 Agape love is the only love that Scripture mandates for us to have for one another. I am thankful that our understanding of God-style love is not dependent upon our understanding Hebrew, Aramaic, or Greek. Her character was assimilated with that of the Greek goddess Aphrodite. Film Focus Point: Recording of the Lord’s Prayer sung in the original Aramaic. God's Love for Mankind Love is one of the attributes of God and an essential part of His nature: God is love, and all who live in love live in God, and God lives in them. Agape is the direct opposite of that love which is called out by the worthiness of its object and so may be said to be a recognition of the value and attractiveness of its object. If the evangelist knew of the conversation in Aramaic, and wished to convey it in Greek, he may have translated chav as agape and racham as phileo. agape love in aramaic